Golcar, Huddersfield West Yorkshire

[Land Tax 1780-1910] [Land Tax 1600-1700] [Land Tax 1500-1600]

[Land Tax 1400-1500] [Land Tax 1300-1400] [Land Tax 1200-1300]

Launds Land Tax Records c.1225 to 1910

Land taxation first started in the anglo saxon period which was called a geld. A geld being a payment to the crown. In this case a land fee in tax paid to the crown. After the Norman Conquest of England in 1066, the geld continued to be collected until 1162, but it was eventually replaced with taxes on personal property and income.

During the reign of King Henry III, the king and government sought consent from the nobles of England for taxes the government wished to impose. This led in 1254 to the start of the Parliament of England, when the nobles advised the king to summon knights from each shire to help advise and consent to a new tax. In the 1260s, men from the towns were included with the knights, forming the beginnings of the House of Commons of England. By the middle of the 13th century, the tax on moveable property had become fixed by convention at a fifteenth for those in the country, and a tenth for those living in towns. An innovation in 1334 was the replacement of the individual assessments by a lump sum assessment for each community.

The land taxation declined in later medieval England, and a series of experiments in poll taxes began.  In 1377 a flat rate tax and in 1379 a graduated tax. By 1381, the unpopularity of these taxes had contributed to the Peasants' Revolt. Later experiments in income taxes during the 15th, 16th and 17th centuries did not manage to raise the sums needed by the government, and other taxes, such as taxes on parishes, were attempted.

The 'TABS' at the top of the page are the 'Land tax' and 'Crown account payments' for Launds Golcar, starting in the early 1200s and running up until the early 20th century. The land tax and crown account payment records have been collated from the National Archives collections 'E179' and 'E372'. Both collections were photographed by myself from the 1980s until the early 2000's. The main families that keep appearing in both collections are 'Tyas or Towes', Hall and Broadbent appearing in various formats as de Lans, de Leys, de Lanuas, de Ley, de Launde, de Laume, de Worts, de la Pole (Of which are related to the de La Poles of Lincolnshire in the earlier days), de Pole House, de Leud, de Laus, de Luns, de Lenes Hale, de Lyern. Belt, Borbey (Broadbent), Brodley, Bend, Brodbent and Broadbent. In most cases all the names mentioned can be cross referenced in charters and deeds from the Broadbent collection which dates back to the 1100s.


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This site is Copyright of Robert Broadbent 2004